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Maxcy Galloway Hughes

Maxcy Galloway Hughes

Male 1841 - 1863  (22 years)


The Civil War - Maryland and Washington, D.C.

This page includes family members on this site from Maryland and Washington, D.C.


Metacomet and Selma
The U.S.S. Metacomet captures the C.S.S. Selma in Mobile
Bay, August 5, 1864
. Surgeon Philip Lansdale treated the
injured during the battle, and afterwards transported them to
Florida aboard the Metacomet.

     One key source, the History and Roster of Maryland Volunteers, War of 1861-5, is on-line at the Maryland Archives; here is vol. 1, and here is vol. 2.

Lt. Winfield Scott Schley, according to wikipedia.org, "was attached to the frigate Potomac of the Western Gulf squadron in 1861 and 1862, and subsequently took part, on board the sidewheel gunboat Winona and the sloops Monongahela and Richmond in all the engagements that led to the capture of Port Hudson, being promoted Lieutenant on 16 July 1862." He therefore fought at Port Hudson with William Luce from New York, who was also in the Navy, and against Gustave J. Pitard, Sr. and his relations from Louisiana (see above). Schley stayed in the Navy and was later known as the hero of the Battle of Santiago, in the Spanish-American War.

Dr. Philip Lansdale was a naval surgeon during the war. Several documents are affixed to his page. One notable action in which her served was in Mobile Bay under Farragut. He was a surgeon aboard the U.S.S. Hartford during the battle, and submitted casualty reports that survive in the Official Records.


     Many men from the West River area of Anne Arundel Co., Maryland served in the 1st/2nd Battalion of the Maryland Infantry. The 1st was formed in April of 1861 and disbanded in August of 1862. It was quickly reformed into the 2nd, which served for the rest of the war, ultimately surrendering at Appomatox. For a history of the unit, including muster rolls, see S106. One key source, The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, 1861-1865 by W. W. Goldsborough, is on-line here at the Maryland Archives.

One family group in the regiment is the Murrays and Franklins.

Capt. William H. Murray was Commander of Company A of the 1st/2nd Maryland Battalion. He was shot in the throat and killed while leading his unit up Culp's Hill early on the third day at Gettysburg. His brother Alexander Murray, also in Company A, was wounded trying to catch his brother as he fell. Their older brother Clapham Murray also served in the same unit. This family lived at "Woodstock" in West River, MD, and is related to the other Murrays who lived in West River, but I have not yet been able to uncover precisely how.

Alexander Murray married Eliza Franklin. She was the half-neice of another member of the regiment, James Shaw Franklin, a 1st Lt. in Company D. He kept a war diary, part of which has been edited here. He was later a successful Annapolis lawyer.

Thomas E. Freeland also apparently served in the 2nd Battalion (Company G—though he is not in Driver's muster rolls): after the early death of his parents, his sister Eleanor was adopted by their uncle, Robert Freeland, and his wife Maria Waters Franklin. Maria was also the first cousin of James Shaw Franklin, and the aunt of Alexander Murray's wife, Eliza Franklin.

Theophilus Norman Deale was also in the 2nd Infantry regiment, and a cousin of James Shaw Franklin. He died in the Union prison at Port Lookout in St. Mary's Co., MD.

Pvt. John Gill and his brother Cpl. Somerville Pinckney Gill were first cousins of Theophilus Deale, and first cousins once-removed of James Shaw Franklin. Somerville Gill was killed Sept. 30, 1864 at the battle at Peeble's Farm (or Pegram's Farm), outside of Richmond.

Two other more distant cousins (but friends) of the Franklins served in the regiment. Charles Alexander Warfield Worthington enlisted in the 1st Maryland, but later re-enlisted in the 1st Maryland Cavalry. He was a a 1/2 fourth cousin of James Shaw Franklin. He was wounded in December 1864 and is listed in hospitals for the next 3 or 4 months—effectively, the rest of the war.

A second distant cousin but close friend of the Franklins, James I. Iglehart, also died on July 3, 1863 at Gettysburg. He was a fourth cousin (once removed) of Alexander Murray's wife Eliza Franklin, and a fourth cousin of James Shaw Franklin. More closely, he was also brother-in-law to James Waddell (see below).

Another family group in the regiment (more distantly related) is the Howards, who were from Baltimore, not West River.

All were children or grandchildren of John Eager Howard (who fought in the Revolutionary War, was a Governor of Maryland, and served in Congress) and his wife Margaret Oswald Chew (who was from the Chew/Galloway family of West River).

John Eager's son Charles (who m. Elizabeth Key, daughter of Francis Scott Key) had four sons who fought in the regiment: John Eager Howard was a Quartermaster and Commissary Officer for the regiment. Maj. Charles Howard served on the staff of Gen. Elzey, who commanded the regiment. Edward Lloyd Howard was a surgeon who mostly served in Virginia. McHenry Howard, a lawyer, worked in many ways for the regiment throughout the war, including as an aide-de-campe on Gen. Steuart's staff at Gettysburg; he was also captured and released twice. He wrote a book on his experiences in the war entitled Recollections of a Maryland Confederate Soldier and Staff Officer under Johnston, Jackson, and Lee.

Second, John Eager Howard's son William (who married Rebecca, a cousin of Francis Scott Key) had a son named William Key Howard who moved from the 1st Maryland to the 4th VA Cavalry and back to the 2nd Maryland before being captured in Front Royal, VA, in August of 1864.

And third, John Eager Howard's son James had two sons in the regiment. James McHenry Howard, another lawyer, also served on Gen. Elzey's staff. David Ridgely Howard was wounded at Gettysburg, spent time in hospitals, and was wounded again at the battle of Weldon R.R. in August of 1864 before being retired as invalid.

A third family group, the Snowdens, also had several members who served in the regiment, though several also served in other units:

Several of the descendants of Nicholas Snowden Sr. and Elizabeth Warfield fought for the Confederacy, though not all of their relations were in this regiment. Two of their sons were surgeons during the war. Dr. De Wilton Snowden was a surgeon in the 1st Maryland Artillery and the 1st/2nd Maryland Infantry. Dr. Arthur Monteith Snowden was also a surgeon, though with another (as yet unknown) unit. Another son, Lt. Nicholas Snowden Jr., served in Company D of the 1st/2nd Infantry, and was killed in battle outside of Harrisonburg, Virginia in June of 1862.

One of this couple's grandsons, Theodore Jenkins Jr., served in the 1st/2nd Maryland; he also was killed, at the Battle of Cedar Mountain in August of 1862. Two other grandsons of theirs, who were brothers, served in Colonel John Mosby's famous Virginia Cavalry (as did other folks on the tree from Maryland and Virginia, noted below). Capt. Walter "Wat" Bowie joined in the fall of 1863, served as an able scout and raider, and rose to be an officer in Company F. He was the commander of several raids into his native Maryland, and was killed in one on October of 1864. His brother Henry Brune Bowie also served the Rangers, and was there when his brother was killed.

A nephew of Nicholas and Elizabeth Snowden's , Maj. Charles Alexander Snowden, served as an aide-de-camp and Quartermaster for Gen. Arnold Elzey (no relation), a commander of the regiment, and in several other commands during the war. He was a civil engineer. (His brother-in-law, from Virginia, was Lt. Col. Charles Marshall, an aide to General Lee.)

Other family members (that I know of) outside of these close families also served in the regiment:

The family of Maxcy Galloway Hughes lived at "Tulip Hill" overlooking the West River. He was in the 1st/2nd Maryland, and also served in the 1st Regiment of the Maryland Cavalry. He died in Houston during the War of disease.

Henry Augustus Stewart also seems to have served in this unit (a "Henry Stewart" appears in both the 1st and 2nd Maryland Infantry), though this needs further confirmation.

Family members from Maryland also served in other regiments. Maryland was a border state, but nominally northern, so those who wanted to serve had to escape to the South, where they served in a variety of units:

Thomas Franklin Lansdale from Montgomery County, Maryland served in Company D of . Company D, formed by Mosby early in 1864, contained many men from Maryland. He was a first cousin, once removed of James Shaw Franklin.

Family history says that James McCaleb died early during the war of yellow fever. The grief caused by the early deaths of him, his sister, and his father led his mother to endow the building of Christ Episcopal Church in West River, Maryland, which many family members have attended and at which many (including the Murrays, described above) are buried.

Thomas Franklin Lansdale
Capt. James Waddell, in a print from
an unknown 19th century magazine.

Col. Edward Murray, who is buried at Christ Episcopal in West River, is apparently a cousin of the West River Murrays, though I don't yet know how. He served on General Lee's staff.

David Griffith was a private in Company A of the 1st/2nd Maryland Cavalry; his brother Thomas Griffith was an officer in the same company, ending the war as a Captain. Their sister, Mary Ann Griffith, married Richard Hyatt Lansdale, the brother of Thomas Franklin Lansdale (named just above). Another brother, Festus Griffith, seems to have served as a Captain in the Virginia Infantry, and was later a prisoner at Camp Lookout.

Richard Loockerman Harwood was in Company E of the 1st/2nd Maryland Cavalry and died fighting at Winchester in June of 1863. His cousin Thomas Harwood was born in Maryland, but apparently moved to Missouri and fought there.

Maj. Mason Graham Ellzey, a VMI graduate, and Henry Marriott, both from West River, served as surgeons during the war.

Hall family history says that Thomas J. Hall fought in the Army of Northern Virginia; I do not know in what unit.

Captain James I. Waddell was born in North Carolina, but married into the Iglehart family and lived in Annapolis from the 1850s on. His brother-in-law was James Iglehart (see above). He served in the Confederate States Navy. He briefly commanded the ironclad "Mississippi" before it was sunk and fought in engagements off the Atlantic coast, but is best known for outfitting and commanding the "CSS Shenandoah" as an effective Confederate raider during the last year of the war.

"The Last of the Confederate Cruisers" is a chapter of a longer article in the Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine (vol. LVI for 1898) entitled "The Confederate Commerce Destroyers." This describes in detail the travels the of the "Shenandoah" during the last year of the War under Captain Waddell. It was found on-line at Cornell's Making of America project (12 pages).

Brig. Gen. Samuel S. Carroll
Brig. Gen. Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Image from the Library of Congress

  District of Columbia

General Samuel Sprigg Carroll was from a well-connected Washington, D.C. family. He graduated from West Point in 1856. Like his older brother-in-law Gen. Charles Griffin from Ohio, and another brother-in-law Gen. John Marshall Brown of Maine, he fought in the eastern theatre during the whole war. Carroll started in the Shenandoah Campaign and fought at Cedar Mountain. Later he fought at Fredericksburg, after which he was given command of a brigade in the 2nd Corps. Leading them he fought at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run and Bristoe Station, the Wilderness (where he was wounded), and Spotsylvania (where he was wounded again a week later).

Brigadier General Charles Griffin was born in Granville, Ohio. He graduated from West Point in 1843 and was an infantry commander during the war, fighting in battles in the eastern theatre from First Manassas through Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and then at the siege of Richmond. He married Sally Carroll of the well-known Carroll family, which had been politically active and well-connected in Maryland and Washington, D.C. since to the Revolution.

John Wesley Lansdale served in Captain Nally's company, formed in 1861 for the defense of the capital. His first cousin's husband William W. Maloney also apparently served in the District, but for which unit is unclear.

DateDec. 2023
Linked toHenry Brune Bowie; Capt. Walter "Wat" Bowie; Brig. Gen. John Marshall Brown; Brig. Gen. Samuel Sprigg Carroll; Theophilus Norman Deale; Dr. Mason Graham Ellzey; James Shaw Franklin; Thomas Edwin Freeland; John Gill; Somerville Pinkey Gill; Brig. Gen. Charles Griffin; David Griffith; Festus Griffith; Thomas Griffith; Thomas John Hall, Jr.; Richard Loockerman Harwood; Thomas Harwood; Charles Howard; David Ridgely Howard; Dr. Edward Lloyd Howard; James McHenry Howard; John Eager Howard; McHenry Howard; William Key Howard; Maxcy Galloway Hughes; James I. Iglehart; Theodore Jenkins, Jr.; John Wesley Lansdale; Dr. Philip Lansdale; Thomas Franklin Lansdale; William Walter Maloney, Sr.; Dr. Henry Marriott; Lt. Col. Charles Marshall; James McCaleb; Alexander Murray; Lt. Clapham Murray; Col. Edward Murray; Capt. William Henry Murray; Rear Adm. Winfield Scott Schley; Dr. Arthur Monteith Snowden; Maj. Charles Alexander Snowden; Dr. De Wilton Snowden; Nicholas Snowden, Jr.; Henry Augustus Stewart; Capt. James Iredell Waddell; Charles Alexander Warfield Worthington

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