||Obit., Daily Picayune, 31 Mar. 1853, p2:|
On Wedneday morning, the 30th inst., at a quarter before 5 o'clock, after a severe illness, LORENZA M. FERNANDEZ, daughter of the late J.M. Fernandez and wife of Daniel Maupay, in the 25th year of her age.
Her funeral will take placed from the residence of her husband, corner of Bienville and Claiborne streets, this Afternoon, at half past 3 o'clock. The friends and acquaintances of the families Fernandez, A. Carriere and O. Blineau, are respectfully invited to attend without further invitation.
A parallel obituary appeared in French in the Louisiana Courier.
- She is "mulatto" on the 1850 census, and her mother (living with them in the Maupay household) also. The children (Cecilia, Lorenza) are also "mulatto."
On the 1860 census, however, her mother is described as "white." Maybe she was latino, and the definition of a latino as a person of color was changing? Or she was light enough to pass? Or, was this a mistake?
Here are the censuses:
1850 U.S. Census • Louisiana • Orleans • New Orleans, Municipality 1, Ward 2 > Page 65
Dwelling 1167/Family 1177.
Daniel Maupay, 26, white, seedsman, b Pennsylvania
Lorenza Maupay, 22, white, mulatto, b LA
Cecilia Maupay, 2, mulatto, b LA
Lorenza Maupay, 5 months, mulatto, b LA
Cecile Fernandez, 45, mulatto, b LA
Zelias Berobus, 16, female, mulatto, b LA [this name is actually "Bertus"; see the husband of Lorenza Fernandez' aunt, Marie Desiree Fouque]
1860 U.S. Census • Louisiana • Orleans • New Orleans, Ward 4 > Page 193
Dwelling 1536/Family 1495
D. Maupay, 26, white, seed man, $12500 real estate, $1000 personal property, b Pennsylvania
Widow Fernandez, 43, white, $2000 real estate, b New Orleans
Cecilia Maupay, 11, white, b New Orleans
Lorenza, 10, white, b New Orleans
Caroline, 8, white, b Pennsylvania
Emma, 7, white, b New Orleans
Marriages between races were not legal between 1830 and 1865, so there would be no marriage certificate in that period, at least in New Orlean. There are, however, birth certicates for 2 of the children (not Cecilia). The births of Lorenza and Emma list them as white. All of this points either to her passing, or to her actually being white with the census in error.
She died I assume due to complications in childbirth, just 13 days after the birth of Emma Regina.
In 1860, there is an Olivier Blineau, aged 73, in Orleans Parish, born in France. Wife, 72, Therese, aged 72, born in NOLA. In the household is an Amelia Carriere, aged 16, also born in New Orleans.