- He was an officer in the Union army. He was by training an artillerist, and started off in command of an artillery unit at Bull Run. He fought at, among other engagements, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg; by the time of Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign (at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and then Petersburg) he was in charge of a division in the 5th Army Corps. He was was one of the signers at Lee's surrender at Appomattox. He is on the Civil War page.
According to Gordon Rhea, "A West Pointer and a seasoned Indian fighter, the slender, heavily moustached Ohioan was reputedly a 'hard case.' He was popular with his men, tough on rebels, and brazenly outspoken. Daring almost to a fault, he habitually elbowed cannoneers aside to instruct them on how to use their guns to good effect. 'You are firing too high,' he once chastened a battery. 'Just roll the shot along the ground like a tenpin ball and knock their damn trotters from under them.'"
Also see his entry in the American National Biography. A copy of the surrender document can be found in the Civil War MSS Collection at the Library of Congress, MS 193; also see MS 41 for further letters. His wife's parents, the Carrolls and the Spriggs, were Maryland gentry. He appears on the tree because his wife's grandmother was a Lansdale. [3, 4, 5]